Food Additives - D

Desamidocollagen - collagen mixture, animal protein 14

Deodorants - may contain aluminium (reputed to be in a form not readily absorbed by the body and therefore safe), ammonia, formaldehyde (carcinogenic), and/or ethanol. Varieties that contain tea-tree (a powerful antiseptic) and are not tested on animals are available. 47

Dioxins - chlorinated compounds, known to cause cancer, developmental and reproductive problems. There is no safe dose, cancer being produced in laboratory animals even at very low doses. It accumulates in the body, increasing risk with longer exposure and age. "2,3,7,8-TCDD" is one of the most toxic substances known. Dioxins are produced as a by product of chlorine based chemicals in their manufacture, use and disposal. A major source of dioxin production is rubbish burning which releases dioxins into the air where they are easily ingested by people. Dioxins may also be present in drinking water and food. The BHP Steelworks at Port Kembla and Newcastle account for 90% of total dioxin emissions for the whole of NSW.

Sources include: PVC (used in the manufacture of electrical cables, vinyl floor coverings, water pipes, children's toys, packaging and furniture), and the plasticising agents used to make PVC flexible. see also Microwave ovens
"Dioxin releases are not well monitored...dioxin pollution happens in secret" 14. Greenpeace suggests the best course of action is write to Federal and State Ministers for the Environment advocating phasing out of PVC usage. Personally, we can avoid purchasing PVC "3" products, dry cleaning fluids and chlorine bleached paper products. 14, 12, 3, 34


Disposable nappies - In excess of 20 billion disposable nappies are landfilled world wide per annum, using equal to 2000 square kilometres of forest timber for the paper content alone. The paper may be chlorine bleached, contributing to pollution of waterways. They also use significant amounts of petroleum products in the form of plastics and absorbency chemicals. 12, 55

Draize test - process by which irritant substances such as shampoos or cosmetics are dripped into the eyes of rabbits to ascertain its potential for damage in humans. Each test can go for up to seven days, during which time the animals are given no pain relief. see also Cosmetics. 12, 14

Down - derived from duck and geese, down is often plucked from the animals when they are still alive. Kapok, milkweed or polyester ('dacron') are excellent substitutes with no allergic problems. 14, 12, 2

Dyes - "Around 800,000 tonnes of dye are produced worldwide each year and 10% of that for the colour indigo in jeans. Natural dyes can consume a lot of resources. 155,000 dried cochineal insects are needed to make 1 kg of red cochineal dye. while making the dynes fast can require polluting use of certain mordants (which often contain heavy metals). The cabbage-like woad plant can be cultivated to create environmentally friendlier blue dye for jeans, though the production process is rather smelly.." (RWRG) 55

Ethical Consumption for People, Animals and Planet

The Food Additives from A to Z and 100 to 1520 has been copied from the original site
written from
3 years research by Kim Stewart - BA Philosophy, BSc Honours
BA Environmental Management & Policy
and President of the Animal Liberation Queensland
>>>Click here for a list of other Websites that Kim Stewart recommends.