400 -579 Emulsifiers, vegetable gums, & anti-caking agents

Food Additives with a "•" in front of its name shows that it is definitely or possibly Animal Derived.

400 Alginic acid, thickener and vegetable gum, derived from seaweed. Used in custard mix, cordial, flavoured milk, ice blocks, thickened cream and yoghurt.

401 Sodium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum

402 Potassium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum

403 Ammonium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum

404 Calcium alginate, thickener and vegetable gum

405 Propylene glycol alginate, thickener and vegetable gum, derived from petroleum. see separate entry.

406 Agar, thickener and vegetable gum, sometimes used as a laxative. Derived from a red seaweed. Found in manufactured meats and ice cream. see Agar-agar.

407 Carrageenan, thickener and vegetable gum. A fibre extracted from seaweed. It has recently been linked with cancer because it may become contaminated when ethylene oxide is added to an inferior product, this results in ethylene chlorohydrin forming, a highly carcinogenic compound. linked to toxic hazards, including ulcers and cancer; the most serious concerns relate to degraded carrageenan, which is not a permitted additive. However, native carrageenan, which is used, may become degraded in the gut. 8, 40

410 Locust bean gum, derived from Carob or Locust bean tree Ceratonia siliqua, a native tree of South America or the Mediterraean depending on which book you read. Thickener and vegetable gum. Used in lollies, cordials, essences, some flour products, dressings, fruit juice drinks. Carob is It is frequently used as a caffeine-free chocolate substitute. 1, 3, 48

412 Guar gum, thickener derived from the seeds of Cyamoposis tetragonolobus of Indian origin. Fed to cattle in the US. od can cause nausea, flatulence and cramps, may reduced cholesterol levels. 48

413 Tragacanth, gum thickener. Resin form the tree Astragalus gummifer. A water soluble gum, used in foods, drugs including nasal solutions, elixirs and tablets. Also used as a binder in cosmetics. 47, 48

414 Acacia, (gum arabic) thickener and gum. Derived from the sap of Acacia Sengal. It is water soluble and easily broken down by the human digestive system.

415 Xanthan gum, thickener and gum. derived from the fermentation of corn sugar with a bacterium. 48

416 Karaya gum, thickener. derived from the tree Sterculia urens from central India. Often used in conjunction with Carob (add 410), in ice cream, custard and sweets. Used as a filler for its capability to multiply its volume by 100 times with the additon of water. 48

420 Sorbitol, artificial sweetener, humectant derived from glucose: either obtained from berries, or synthesised. Used in lollies, dried fruit, pastries, pharmecuetical syrups and opthalmic preparations and is the seventh most widely used preservative in cosmetics. 47

421 Mannitol, artificial sweetener and humectant. derived from seaweed, or the manna ash tree. Not permitted in infant foods, due to its ability to cause diahorrrea and kidney dysfunction. 48

•422 Glycerol, humectant and sweetener sweet, oily colourless alcohol, derived by decomposition of natural fats with alkalis, usually as a by-product of soap making using animal fat or vegetable oil. Can be obtained from petroleum products sometimes synthesised from propylene or fermented from sugar. Used in flexible coatings on sausages and cheeses, also in crystallised and dried fruit, liqueurs and vodka. "Glycerin has been shown to protect against DNA damage induced by tumor promoters, ultraviolet lights and radiation, presumably via free radical scavenging" 47

•433, 435 Polysorbate (60), (65), (80) emulsifiers derived from animal fatty acids. Also used as sythetic flavourings, surfactants, defoaming agents and dough conditioners. see separate entry. Polysorbates 20 and 40 are not permitted in Australia. 47, 48

440a Pectin, thickener and gum. Naturally occurring in the skins of apples, pectin is used to thicken jams, jellies and sauces.

•441 Gelatine, boiled down skins, bones and hooves, yuk.

442 Ammonium phosphatides, emulsifier

450 Sodium and Potassium polyphosphates, mineral slats

450a Ammonium phosphatides, mineral salt, yeast nutrient in dough products, baking powder

460 Microcrystalline cellulose, anti-caking agent

461 Methylcellulose, thickener

464 Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose, thickener and vegetable gum

465 methylethylcellulose, thickener and vegetable gum

466 Sodium carboxymethylcellulose, thickener and vegetable gum

•471 Mono- and diglyerides of fatty acids, emulsifiers

•472a Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers, glycerol possibly derived from animal fats

•472b Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers

•472c Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers

•472d Tartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers

•472e Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol, emulsifiers

473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids, emulsifiers

•475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids, emulsifiers

•476 Polyglycerol esters of interesterfied ricinoleid acid, emulsifiers

477 Propylene glycol mon- and di- esters, emulsifier, derived from petroleum.

480 Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate, emulsifier

•481 Sodium stearoyl lactylate, flour treating agent

•482 Calcium stearoyl lactylate, flour treating agent

•491 Sorbitan mono-stearate, emulsifier

•492 Sorbitan tri-stearate, emulsifier

500 Sodium carbonates, mineral salt

501 Potassium carbonates, mineral salt

536 Potassium ferrocyanide, anti-caking agent

503 Ammonium carbonates, mineral salt

504 Magnesium carbonate, mineral salt, anti-caking agent

507 Hydrochloric acid, acidity regulator

508 Potassium chloride, mineral salt

509 Calcium chloride, mineral salt, dreived from brine

516 Calcium sulphate, flour treatment agent, derived from limestone

529 Calcium oxide, mineral salt

535 Sodium ferrocyanide, anti-caking agent

536 Potassium ferrocyanide, anti-caking agent, by-product of coal gas production

541 Sodium aluminium phosphate, acidity regulator, emulsifier

•542 Bone phosphate, anti-caking agent, derived from bones, used in dried milk for coffee machines

551 Silicon dioxide, anti-caking agent

552 Calcium silicate, anti-caking agent derived from limestone amd diatomaceous earth (the silicified skeletons of diatoms, a single celled plankton)

553b Talc, anti-caking agent

554 Sodium aluminium silicate, anti-caking agent, used in salt, dried milk substitutes and flours, aluminium is known to cause placental problems in pregnancy and has been linked to Alzheimer's

556 Calcium aluminium silicate, anti-caking agent, derived from minerals, used in milk powders

558 Bentonite, anti-caking agent, clay. used to clarify wines

559 Kaolins, anti-caking agent, clay. wine clarifier

•570 Stearic acid, anti-caking agent, possibly of animal origin See Stearates.

•572 Magnesium stearate, anti-caking agent

575 Glucono delta-lactone, acidity regulator

577 Potassium gluconate,acidity regulator, firming agent

578 Calcium gluconate, acidity regulator, firming agent

579 ferrous gluconate, colour-retention agent derived from iron and glucose, used in olives, iron supplements 3, 48


Ethical Consumption for People, Animals and Planet

The Food Additives from A to Z and 100 to 1520 has been copied from the original site
written from
3 years research by Kim Stewart - BA Philosophy, BSc Honours
BA Environmental Management & Policy
and President of the Animal Liberation Queensland
>>>Click here for a list of other Websites that Kim Stewart recommends.